There are many ways to help try to prevent concussions:
- Promote sportsman-like conduct at all times
- Awareness of the serious nature of concussions
- Strict rules and guidelines requiring appropriate protective equipment
- Ensure all protective head gear is fitted correctly
- Prioritize concussion recovery over playing the game
- Recognize a concussed athlete at the time of the incident
- Enforcing rules related to concussion prevention
- Respecting referree's judgement
- Awareness of the appropriate care of a concussion including:
- Monitoring recovery using a symptom checklist
- Neurocognitive Testing
- Balance Testing with the appropriate return to gameplay guidelines
Baseline testing is important in the management and identificaiton of a concussion, and is the current standard of care for athletes playing contact sports. This testing provides a base score of attention, reaction time, memory etc. Should an athlete suffer a concussion, they will be required to retake the test, allowing for a comparison to be made. Poor performance on this testing indicatings the athlete has not yet recovered from the injury.
Testing should occur under the supervision of a trained technician, and should take place in a quiet setting.